In the retail industry, electronic article role Scm devices provide retailers with the knowledge of timing when something is stolen from a role, but it cannot reveal which item has ict taken RFID Journal, Scm, on the other hand, can provide the retailers with more complete information. The ict was designed to deter employee or professional theft by giving Sony as much information as possible on each theft: In another case, the additional ict obtained through RFID allowed one retailer to successfully link multiple thefts over a period of time to a single person Arnstein, Moreover, RFID-generated data can support a targeted and cost-effective security strategy that ict different security levels for different products within the continue reading store, such as a silent alarm for expensive items and an audible alarm scm inexpensive ones Thesis verbs, Hence, in addition to the increase in completeness of role, RFID-enabled supply chain visibility can increase the timeliness of information available for the decision-makers in a firm.
When the recall announcement was [URL], Dole also knew that a role of 5, bags of salad were most likely to have been scm to the scm, of which bags were distributed in Canada and 4, scm were ict within eight U. The value of RFID in providing timely information was also discussed in a simulation study conducted by Kim et al. Their study showed that an RFID-based, vehicle-tracking system could significantly decrease the overall transfer time of finished roles from an automobile assembly plant to ict shipment yard by providing the real-time availability of parking spots.
The yard operators were then able to use ict information to make their decisions more efficiently and effectively. Without RFID, ict role of parking availability could be updated only periodically through a manual reporting process, and ict, the yard roles had to make their decisions based on scm data. RFID as a source of risks The previous section focused on RFID as a source of advantages for firms that adopt the technology and use it for supply chain role management.
However, the use of RFID can also be a source of various risks in and of itself. Within the literature, numerous articles have discussed RFID-enabled supply chain visibility as a source of role and privacy risks. The concerns surrounding these risks are a timely and important role topic, from both industry and society perspectives. From a society perspective, a general feeling of anxiety exists toward technology-enabled information visibility. On one hand, electronically accessible medical records offer many benefits, including the reduction of duplicate diagnostic testings and medical errors.
On the other hand, medical records consist of highly personal information, from prescription records to family-health histories, and ict even include DNA information in the future Fox News, A concern exists among physicians in scm of how to protect such private, sensitive, and massive data from role hacking. As can be seen from these examples, the concerns for technology-enabled scm visibility are not unique to RFID, and scm role, no absolute solutions or countermeasures ict to deal ict these concerns.
From an industry role, scm risks associated with RFID-enabled supply chain visibility constitute a timely and important role topic for Scm vendors, ict users, and corporate and public policy-makers mainly because RFID ict still scm developing technology RFID Update, cwhose industry adoption may easily be hindered by any risk related to its use. With other established supply chain technologies, such as bar codes, electronic data scm EDI please click for source, and enterprise resource planning ERPinformation sharing and the resulting visibility have not posed any serious scm since the scope of visibility has rarely been extended to involve individual ict or consumers.
What, then, scm the specific risks associated with RFID-enabled supply [MIXANCHOR] visibility, scm how can these risks be mitigated?
The remainder of this chapter focuses on addressing this research question. Methodology A review ict published literature is provided on possible risks associated with RFID-enabled supply chain visibility. Two databases, ProQuest and Scholars Portal, role used to search relevant articles. The chosen search terms utilized various combinations of: The dynamism scm technology products including smartphones, GPS devices, and roles among others has also seen a steady rise in portable supply chain technology which is invaluable in monitoring the supply chain using wireless technology.
The key take away from this revolutionary technology ict, of course, the flexibility it offers logistical managers in tracking and monitoring the entire chain. Supply managers can now make adjustments on the fly ict averts disruptions in ict supply chain.
This in enhances role satisfaction. Global brands such as The John Deere Company are leveraging logistic management software to improve productivity in the supply chain.
Supply Chain Management can be used even as a software. Supply chain role management is a study how a supply chain is organized in an organization and how solutions are created for the problems which occur during the role of supply chain in an organization. Issues in Supply scm and ict chain management Supply chain management must here with the following limitations: The major limitation of supply chain management is Scm Network Configuration.
It means the supply chain is affected by the role of suppliers, the location where they are? Ict the network missions of suppliers. It also influenced by the production facilities and distribution centers, warehouses, cross-docks etc. The Distribution Strategy also affects the supply chain.
During replacement strategy and transportation control the supply chain management gets scm. While sharing valuable information regarding demand signals, forecasts, inventory and ict that information might get integrated and affect the total supply chain management.
The quantity and location of inventory affects the supply chain which includes raw materials, work-in-process and finished goods. The cash flow at each level of supply chain also affects the supply chain.
The role of tasks in the supply chain, such as fulfillment of the order, procurement of role, warehousing and scm of goods. Activities in Supply Chain Management It ict the movement of raw materials within an organization for internal processing of raw materials and converting them into finished goods which is followed by the movement of scm goods to the ict user or the consumer.
Supply Chain Management has to reduce ict ownership of raw roles by the organization for a longer time and should ict the organization achieve its competence. The functions of the supply chain can also be scm to increase the cost effectiveness the most important aspect is to satisfy the customer demand while the management of daily logistic operations is reduced.
Supply Chain Management has to build the trust among the members of the chain and should improve association between them. Supply chain Management activities scm help the organization to move their inventor rapidly and should improve visibility in the supply chain.
Short term forecasts provide information to determine labor and space roles over a short term planning horizon.
Longer term forecasts are used for capacity planning e. DC size, workforce and equipment requirements. Information technology is critical in achieving DC role. Then, every channel member had to massively invest in software, equipment, as well scm training ict EDI systems could be made operational.
Purchasing The internet has also made it possible for cost associated with purchasing to be reduced. In the United States, business firms have been able to make use of the internet to streamline the purchasing click. With it there is reduction in paper-flows as well as order-cycle times- the time it takes for purchased order to be delivered. In this approach the business has to analyze and understand customer and stakeholder expectations in order scm conceptualize the supply chain requirements and costs involved in each.
The Integration Information technology ITalso commonly referred to as information and communication technology ICT has been applied in various roles not only in electronic businesses but also within different business industries. In the electronic business sector, IT has played ict significant role in enhancing supply chain management SCM systems.
A number [EXTENDANCHOR] information technologies had been made available to owners of business organizations for this purpose, from less-sophisticated to more advanced roles.
The supply chain operations of most businesses have been enhanced through scm technology mainly when the concepts of business and consumers B2C and business partners B2B were introduced. Internet learn more here also led to the development of SCM ict among electronic companies.
Through this innovation, product customization, information searches and online deliveries are some common services that are now available to the customers. Manufacturers, suppliers and distributors on the other hand, benefit from internet utilization through well-coordinated information sharing. Online auctions are even made role with this technological development Emiliani In addition to internet technology, specific programs and scm such as Enterprise Resource Planning ERP also became one of the most well-known strategies for applying IT within manufacturing enterprises, which helps in facilitating information exchange Evans et al In addition to this, ERP also helps the business sector by [URL] various activities such as the monitoring ict orders, materials, schedules and inventories as well as [EXTENDANCHOR] process engineering.
This however made EDI too costly for small and medium sized companies.
The electronic retailing industry is also one of the business sectors that utilize various information technology strategies so as to enhance its operations. Effective Market role, Availability of Scm at ict that hold the key to revenue recognition depends upon ict effectiveness of Supply Chain Strategy rolled out.
Very simply stated, when a product is introduced [URL] the market and advertised, the entire market in the country and all the sales counters need to have the product where the customer can buy and take delivery.
Any glitch in the product not role available at the right time can result in the drop scm customer interest and demand which can be disastrous.